Covey's 7 Habits - Explained
What are Covey's 7 Habits?
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What are Covey’s 7 Habits?
The Seven Habits model, by Stephen Covey, proposes that our paradigms affect how we interact with others, which in turn affects how they interact with us.
Per this theory, one must begin addressing problems by examining our own character, paradigms, and motives.
The individual habits are as follows:
- Be proactive. This is the ability to control one's environment, rather than the opposite, as is so often the case. Managers need to control their own environment, by using self-determination and the ability to respond to various circumstances.
- Begin with the end in mind. This means that the manager must be able to see the desired outcome, and to concentrate on activities which help to achieve that end.
- Put first things first. A manager must manage his own person. Personally. And managers should implement activities which aim to achieve the second habit. Covey says that habit 2. is the first, or mental creation; habit 3 is the second, or physical creation.
- Think win-win. This is the most important aspect of interpersonal leadership, because most achievements are based on shared effort. Therefore the aim needs to be win-win solutions for all.
- Seek first to understand and then to be understood. By developing and maintaining positive relationships through good communications, the manager is understood by others, and he can understand the subordinates.
- Synergize. This is the habit of creative cooperation: the principle that collaborating towards attaining a purpose often achieves more, than could be achieved by individuals working independently.
- Sharpen the saw. We should learn from our previous experiences. And we should encourage others to do the same. Covey sees development as one of the most important aspects for being able to cope with challenges, and for aspiring towards higher levels of ability.
What is Covey’s 8th Habit?
Covey introduced an additional eighth habit in his book, The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness:
- Find your voice and inspire others to find theirs. Striving towards "greatness", means to act with integrity as an individual and to help others to do the same.