Composition of Board of Directors - Explained
How is the Board of Directors Organized?
If you still have questions or prefer to get help directly from an agent, please submit a request.
We’ll get back to you as soon as possible.
- Marketing, Advertising, Sales & PR
- Accounting, Taxation, and Reporting
- Professionalism & Career Development
Law, Transactions, & Risk Management
Government, Legal System, Administrative Law, & Constitutional Law Legal Disputes - Civil & Criminal Law Agency Law HR, Employment, Labor, & Discrimination Business Entities, Corporate Governance & Ownership Business Transactions, Antitrust, & Securities Law Real Estate, Personal, & Intellectual Property Commercial Law: Contract, Payments, Security Interests, & Bankruptcy Consumer Protection Insurance & Risk Management Immigration Law Environmental Protection Law Inheritance, Estates, and Trusts
- Business Management & Operations
- Economics, Finance, & Analytics
What is the composition of the board of directors?
The size of the board and the process for electing directors are laid out in either the articles of incorporation or the bylaws. There are generally few requirements in these governing documents with regard to who can be a director of the corporation. Corporate governance documents generally place few or no requirements with regard to the skill, knowledge, or general competence of board members. There are, however, numerous laws and organizations that control the composition of boards of directors of public companies.
Next Article: Standards Governing Actions of Corporate Directors Back to: CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
What laws affect the composition of the board of directors?
These laws and organizational rules include:
- the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010 (Dodd-Frank),
- the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (SOX), the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (34 Act), rules of the U S Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and the listing standards of the NYSE and NASDAQ.
What is Director Independence?
The most notable requirement of boards imposed either by law or by exchange rules is that a majority of directors on a board be independent. The word independent is defined to mean directors who are not officers of the corporation or officers or directors of any parent or subsidiary companies. As such, independent directors are generally chosen from the executive ranks of boards of non-related public or large corporation. Another specific requirement regards corporate committees. Most notably, corporate committee members (particularly special committee members) must be disinterested in their assigned tasks. The objective behind requiring boards to have special committees is to isolate interested directors from controlling the internal workings and decision-making of the entire board.
What are Director Committees?
The required types of committee include:
- Director Nominating Committee - Charged with nominating directors for election to the board by shareholder vote;
- Corporate Audit Committee - Coordinates the process of audit by external auditors; and
- Executive or Director Compensation Committee - Tasked with developing compensation packages for officers and directors.
Why do you think laws and securities exchanges place requirements on the composition and character of boards of directors? Do you agree with the requirement that a majority of directors be independent? Why or why not?
What are the primary corporate governance requirements affecting the composition of the board of directors?
- Corporate Governance Law (Intro)
- What is Business Governance?
- Berle-Means Thesis
- Corporate Governance Rating Definition
- Who are the members of a corporation?
- Corporate Charter
- Shareholder Register
- Common Stock
- Preferred Stock
- Par Value
- Authorized Shares
- Issued Shares of Stock
- Unissued Shares of Stock
- Outstanding Shares
- Institutional Shares
- Dual Class Shares
- What is a closely-held corporation?
- Close Corporation Plan Definition
- What is a Private Company vs a Public Company?
- What is the role and purpose of the corporation?
- What is the Agency theory of corporate governance?
- Shareholder-Centric Perspective
- Shareholder Value
What is the Stakeholder theory of corporate governance?
What is the role & rights of Shareholders in the corporation?
- Shareholder Democracy Definition
- Quorum Definition
- Class Voting Shareholders
- Changing the Voting Rules
- Supermajority (Voting)
- Shareholder Sponsored Proposal
- What are the variations on attributes of Ownership structure?
- Stock Split
- What are the fiduciary duties owed by shareholders?
- When is a shareholder personally liable for corporate obligations?
- Appraisal Rights
- Dissenter's Rights
- Say on Pay Rights
- How can shareholder enforce their rights (direct and derivative actions)?
- What is the process for bringing a Derivative action?
- What are corporate vote Proxies?
- Proxy Statement
- Proxy Fight or Contest Definition & Explanation
- What is Shareholder Activism and the significance of Institutional Investors?
- Activist Investor
- Overview of Board of Directors
- Board Decision Making
- Advisory Board (Observer Directors)
- What is the role of the Board of Directors?
- Board of Trustees
- Board of Governors
- Outside Director
- Outside Director or Non-Executive Director Definition
- Independent Outside Director
- Budget Committee
- Audit Committee
- Compensation Committee
- Nomination Committee (Corporate Board)
- What standards govern the actions of the board of directors?
- Duty of Candor Definition
- Board Evaluation Definition
- What is the Business Judgment Rule?
- What is D&O insurance?
- Codetermination (Foreign)
- What is the role of Managers of the corporation?
- What standards govern manager actions?
- Chief Executive Officer (CEO)
- Chief Financial Officer
- Chief Information Officer (CIO)
- Chief Investment Officer (CIO)
- Chief Legal Officer
- Chief Operating Officer
- Chief Risk Officer
- Chief Security Officer
- Chief Technology Officer (CTO)
- What are the primary state and federal corporate governance laws?
- What is the role of the state in corporate governance?
- What is the role of Securities Laws in corporate governance?
- What is the role of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act in corporate governance?
- What is the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) effect on corporate governance?
- Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX)
- What is the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act effect on corporate governance?
- Corporate Monitors
- What industry organization standards affect corporate governance?
- How do proxy advisory firms affect corporate governance?
- What is the role of ethics in corporate governance?
- What are the major causes of corporate governance issues?
- What are the access to information issues?
- What are decision-making structure issues?
- What are the power struggle or competition issues?
- Holding Company
- What are hostile takeovers and defenses to hostile takeovers?
- Williams Act
- Staggered Board
- Delay-Tactic Defenses?
- Legal Lockup Defenses?
- White Knight and Pac Man Defenses?
- Jonestown Defense
- Lady Macbeth Strategy
- Macaroni Defense
- Yellow Knight
- Back-end Plan Definition
- Backflip Takeover Definition
- Dead Hand Provision Definition
- Kamikaze Defense
- Operating Company Property Company Model
- Scorched Earth Policy Definition
- Revlon Rule
- What are benefit-alignment issues?
- Cadbury Rules Definition