Warrantor Liability on Negotiable Instrument - Damages
What is Warranty Liability?
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To what extent is a warrantor liable for damages suffered by a holder of a dishonored note or draft?
An individual presenting a draft or note for payment that is dishonored may recover damages from a prior warrantor of the instrument. That is, a person receiving an instrument in good faith and subject to warranties may recover from the warrantor an amount equal to the loss suffered as a result of the dishonor. The holder may recover the amount payable on the instrument, plus expenses and loss of interest incurred as a result of the dishonor.
Note: The amount of potential recovery from a warrantor is limited if the claimant received partial payment of the instrument. For example, a drawee receiving presentment warranty may recover from a warrantor damages for breach of warranty equal to the amount paid by the drawee, less the amount the drawee received or is entitled to receive from the drawer because of the payment, plus any expenses and loss of interest resulting from the breach.
Next Article: Warrantor Liability on Negotiable Instrument - Time Limitations Back to: COMMERCIAL PAPER
Do you agree with the principle that an individual enforcing an instrument against a warrantor should be able to receive expenses and losses from the dishonor? Should the rights of the warrantor be balanced against the rights of the claimant? Why or why not?
Pam is the holder of a check for $5,000 that she received from Tom. Pam presents the check to First Bank and it is dishonored. Pam seeks to enforce the instrument against Tom based upon transferor warranty. She incurs $350 in court fees in an effort to enforce the instrument. What amount may Pam recover from Tom?
- Commercial Paper (Intro)
- What is Commercial Paper?
- Negotiable Instrument
- What are the common types of commercial paper?
- Promissory Note
- Cashier's Check
- Convenience Check
- Certified Check
- Substitute Check
- Bill of Exchange
- Bank Draft Definition
- Sight Draft Definition
- Bankers Acceptance
- Who is a Holder of a negotiable instrument?
- Commercial Paper Funding Program
- What is Negotiability and why is it important?
- What is required for commercial paper to be negotiable?
- Sum Certain (Contracts)
- Inflation Adjustment Clause
- When does commercial paper contain an Unconditional promise to pay?
- Backup Line of Credit
- What is Payable on Demand or Payable on Time?
- What is Order Paper and Bearer Paper?
- Bearer Form
- How is a payee identified on the negotiable instrument?
- What rules does the court apply in determining negotiability?
- How is commercial paper negotiated to a holder?
- What is Transfer of a negotiable instrument?
- What is Indorsement of a negotiable instrument?
- What are the various types of indorsement?
- Bank Endorsement
- Blank Endorsement
- Accommodation Endorsement
- How does a holder receive payment on a negotiable instrument?
- Who is potentially liable on (or obligated to pay) a negotiable instrument?
- When is an individual liable for a representative signing a negotiable instrument?
- What rules apply if a holder loses a negotiable instrument?
- When is payment of a negotiable instrument overdue?
- What effect does a negotiable instrument have on the underlying obligation?
- What is a holder in due course?
- What are the requirements for a holder to become a holder in due course?
- Receive an instrument for value?
- Receive an instrument in good faith?
- Receive an instrument without notice of a valid defense?
- How does discharge of the Underlying Obligation affect a holder in due course?
- What is the Shelter Rule?
- Can you limit a transferee from becoming a holder in due course?
- Personal Defenses?
- Real Defenses?
- What is a Claim in Recoupment?
- What are the rights of a holder in due course if the instrument involves a consumer transaction?
- What happens if a negotiable instrument is Forged?
- What happens if a negotiable instrument is Stolen?
- Guaranty or Guarantee
- Letter of Guarantee
- Personal Guarantee
What is the role of a Guarantor or Surety of a negotiable instrument?
- Accommodation Paper Definition
- Secondary Liability
- Avalize Definition
- What is an Accord & Satisfaction?
- What is primary and secondary liability on an instrument?
- What is Drawer or Maker Liability for a negotiable instrument?
- What is Transferor Warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- What is Indorser Warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- What is Presentment Warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- What is a warrantors liability for a dishonored note or draft?
- What is the time limitation for warranty of a negotiable instrument?
- When are the warranties of a negotiable instrument discharged?