Civil Liability Under Section 12 of the 1933 Act - Explained
Section 12 Liability - Explained
If you still have questions or prefer to get help directly from an agent, please submit a request.
We’ll get back to you as soon as possible.
- Marketing, Advertising, Sales & PR
- Accounting, Taxation, and Reporting
- Professionalism & Career Development
Law, Transactions, & Risk Management
Government, Legal System, Administrative Law, & Constitutional Law Legal Disputes - Civil & Criminal Law Agency Law HR, Employment, Labor, & Discrimination Business Entities, Corporate Governance & Ownership Business Transactions, Antitrust, & Securities Law Real Estate, Personal, & Intellectual Property Commercial Law: Contract, Payments, Security Interests, & Bankruptcy Consumer Protection Insurance & Risk Management Immigration Law Environmental Protection Law Inheritance, Estates, and Trusts
- Business Management & Operations
- Economics, Finance, & Analytics
What is civil liability under Section 12 of the 33 Act?
Section 12 of the 33 Act provides for civil liability for issuers of securities in two situations.
Section 12(a)(1) - This provision provides a civil cause of action for purchasers of securities against issuers who sell securities without registering the securities or perfecting an exemption. Within the applicable statute of limitations, the purchaser must show that she purchased the shares from the issuer.
Note: This includes a situation where an issuer attempts to perfect one or more registration exemptions that fail.
Section 12(a)(2) - This provision provides a cause of action for purchasers against issuers who makes a material misstatement or omission in a prospectus or other communication made as part of the sale of securities to the purchaser. The purchaser must not know that the information is incorrect at the time of purchase.
Note: Liability under Section 12(a)(2) is in addition to liability under Section 11.
As a remedy for violation under either subsection, the purchaser may rescind the purchase and receive interest on the money invested and any damages incurred by the investment. Generally, these causes of action are only available to purchasers in the original issuance of the securities. Individuals who purchase the securities in a subsequent sale cannot bring these actions. The issuer is potentially liable under Section 12, which makes anyone controlling the issuer potentially liable. The SEC may also bring a civil action against the issuer.
Next Article: Defenses in Section 11 and 12 Actions Back to: SECURITIES LAW
Why do you think that failure to register or perfect an exemption may lead to civil liability for an issuer? Should a purchaser who is not negatively affected by a failure to register or a misstatement of material information be able to force the company to repurchase the securities? Why or why not?
ABC, LLC issues securities pursuant to a Rule 506(b) exemption. Unfortunately, some of the investors did not meet the accredited investor or sophistication requirements. No other registration exemptions apply to the offering. What does this potentially means for ABC?
- Securities Law (Intro)
- What are Securities Laws?
- What is a Security?
- What qualifies as an Investment contract?
- What are the primary federal securities laws?
- What are the regulatory goals of security laws?
- What is the Securities and Exchange Commission?
- What is an Initial Public Offering?
- What is a Direct Public Offering?
- What is Crowdfunding?
- Securities Act of 1933
- What is an Offer to Sell securities?
- Who are the parties regulated in an offer to sell securities?
- What are the primary disclosure documents required in an offer to sell securities?
- Forward Looking
- Red Herring Prospectus (Securities) Definition
- Registration of Securities
- What is an issuer allowed to do at each stage of the registration process?
- How are issuers classified for purposes of the registration and offering process?
- What is an issuer allowed to do during the Pre-filing Period?
- What are the limitations on the issuer during the Post-filing, Waiting Period?
- What is an issuer allowed to do during the Post-Effective Period?
- What is an Emerging-Growth Company?
- What type of information must an issuer disclose?
- What laws govern the mechanics of disclosure in a securities offering?
- Deficiency Letter (Securities Law)
- Registration Exemptions Securities Act of 1933
- What are Exempt Securities and Exempt Transactions?
- What are Restricted Securities?
- Section 3(a)?
- Section 3(b)?
- What is a Rule 147 Exemption?
- What is a Section 4(a) Exemption?
- Section 4(a)(5)?
- What is a Regulation A Exemption?
- What are Regulation D Exemptions?
- What is a Rule 504 Exemption?
- What is a Rule 505 Exemption?
- What is a Rule 506(b) Exemption?
- What is a Rule 506(c) Exemption?
- What is Rule 502(d) and the Rule 144 Safe Harbor?
- Rule 144a
- What are the disclosure requirements for companies employing an exemption?
- What is the requirement to file Form D?
- What is the effect of failing to register an offering under Section 5?
- Liability Under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1933
- What is civil liability under Section 11 of the 33 Act?
- What is civil liability under Section 12 of the 33 Act?
- What are defenses available to charges under Sections 11 and 12?
- What is civil liability under Section 17 of the 33 Act?
- What is potential criminal liability under the 33 Act?
- The Security Exchange Act of 1934
- When must an issuer register pursuant to the 34 Act?
- What disclosures are required of reporting companies under the 34 Act?
- What is liability under Section 10(b) and Rule 10(b)(5)?
- What is insider trading under Rule 10(b)(5)?
- What damages are available under Section 10 and Rule 10(b)(5)?
- What is insider trading under Section 14 of the 34 Act?
- What is liability under Section 16 of the 34 Act?
- What is liability under Section 18 of the 34 Act?
- What is criminal liability under the 34 Act?
- Liability under the Securities Enforcement Remedies Act?
- Blue Sky Laws State Securities Laws
- What are Blue Sky Laws?
- When is an issuer required to comply with state securities laws?
- What are the registration requirements under state law?
- What is Coordinated Registration under state law?